What is STD? Types of STDs? How STDs Are Spread? How To Save Yourself from STDs?

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases such as gonorrhea or AIDS, can arise when you have sex without a condom, either through intimate vaginal, anal or oral contact. However, the chances of infection increase when you have several partners at the same time, and these diseases affect men and women of all ages equally.

Generally, these infections cause symptoms that affect the genital organs such as pain, redness, small wounds, flow, swelling, difficulty urinating or pain during intimate contact and, to identify the correct disease, it is necessary to go to the gynecologist or urologist to perform the exams that are necessary.

For the treatment, normally, the doctor indicates the use of antibiotics or antifungals in the form of a tablet or ointments, since ETS usually have a cure. However, AIDS and herpes do not have, so it is important to avoid being contaminated using a condom in all sexual relationships.

Here are the symptoms and treatments of all STDs, also called Sexually Transmitted Diseases or venereal diseases.

1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia can cause symptoms such as yellowish and thick discharge, redness of the genital organs, pain in the pelvis and during intimate contact, however in many cases the disease causes no symptoms and the infection goes unnoticed.

The disease is caused by bacteria through unprotected intimate contact or by sharing sex toys.

How to treat: Normally, the treatment is done with antibiotics such as Azithromycin or Doxycycline.

2. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a disease caused by bacteria, which can arise in both men and women, and is transmitted through unprotected intimate contact or by sharing sex toys.

The bacteria can cause pain when urinating, yellowish discharge similar to pus, vaginal bleeding outside menstruation, abdominal pain, red balls in the mouth or pain during intimate contact.

How to treat:  the treatment must be done with the use of antibiotics such as Ceftriaxone and Azithromycin, in case that the treatment is not done it can affect the joints and the blood, being able to endanger the life of the individual.

3. HPV – Genital warts

This infection is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which promotes the growth of skin lesions called genital warts that appear on both the male and female genitalia, which may have a smooth or rough texture, the color may vary depending on of the skin tone and they do not cause pain but they are contagious.

How to treat:  genital warts have no cure, because the HPV virus remains dormant in the body, but there is treatment with the application of ointments such as Aldara or Wortec on warts. Crises can arise due to situations such as excessive alcohol consumption, high fatigue and stress.

4. Genital herpes

Genital herpes is a disease that is easily transmitted, it is caused by the same cold sore virus and causes small red pellets on the skin very close to each other, which contain a virus rich in yellowish virus, can also cause redness around them and itching, mainly affecting the thighs, anus and genitals. In addition to this, they can cause fever, pain when urinating and flow in the case of the woman

How to treat: the treatment must be done with medicines such as Aciclovir, Valaciclovir or Famciclovir, helping to reduce the discomfort caused by the symptoms.

5. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite that causes symptoms such as greyish or yellowish-green and frothy discharge with a strong, unpleasant odor, and it can cause redness, intense itching and swelling of the genital organs.

The infection is not very common, however it can be transmitted by sharing wet towels, bathing or using a Jacuzzi and the treatment is done with antibiotics.

How to treat: usually the treatment of this infection is done with the use of antibiotics such as Metronidazole or Tioconazole for 5 to 7 days. If the treatment is not done, there is a greater chance of developing other infections, having a premature birth or developing prostatitis.

6. Syphilis

Syphilis is a disease that causes wounds and red spots on the hands and feet that do not bleed and do not cause pain, in addition to this they can also cause blindness, paralysis and heart problems. Transmission can be given, in addition to intimate contact, by blood transfusion and sharing of contaminated syringes and needles, and the first symptoms appear 3 to 12 weeks after infection.

How to treat:  treatment is done with drugs such as Penicillin G or erythromycin and, when done correctly, there is a chance of being cured.

7. AIDS

AIDS causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, headache, sensitivity to light, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhea. This disease has no cure, just treatment to reduce symptoms, increasing time and quality of life.

How to treat:  treatment is done with antiretroviral drugs such as Zidovudine or Lamivudine. These drugs fight the virus and strengthen the immune system, but they do not cure the disease.

8.  Mycoplasma genitalium

The  Mycoplasma genitalium is an STD that causes symptoms like the appearance of flow in the penis of man and bleeding outside the menstrual period in women. In addition to inflaming the urethra causing urethritis.

How to deal: The  Mycoplasma genitalium  can be a bit difficult to treat, however, the doctor will usually start treatment with azithromycin and, if not work, try other antibiotics such as moxifloxacin.  

 

How to know if I have an STD

The diagnosis of an STD can be made based on the symptoms and the observation of the genital organs, being confirmed through examinations such as the pap smear and the Schiller test.

In addition to this, the doctor can indicate a blood test to make the diagnosis of the disease and indicate the most appropriate treatment.

When it is necessary to repeat the exams

When the woman or man has an STD, the doctor recommends performing medical tests every 6 months for 2 years, until the result of 3 consecutive tests is negative.

During the treatment phase it may be necessary to go to the doctor several times a month to adjust the treatment and cure the disease, if this is possible.

How STDs are spread

STDs, in addition to being transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, can be transmitted:

  • From mother to child through blood during pregnancy, through breastfeeding or during delivery;
  • Share syringes;
  • Share personal items such as towels, soaps, among others.

In some cases, very rare, the development of the disease can occur through blood transfusion.

How to avoid an STD?

The best way to avoid getting contaminated is to use a condom in all relationships, whether you have intimate vaginal, anal or oral contact, since contact with secretions or skin can transmit the disease.

What can happen if the treatment is not done?

When an STD is not treated correctly, more serious problems can arise such as uterine cancer, infertility, heart problems, meningitis, abortion or malformations in the fetus in case of pregnancy.

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