What is dental implantation?
Dental Implantation is the operation of installing a special dental pin in the jaw tissue, which will play the role of the root. Later, a crown is fixed to this pin, and the resulting sturdy construction completely replaces the lost tooth. The implant resembles a tooth root and is made of high-quality titanium. After engraftment of an artificial root, an abutment is placed on it – this is an intermediate part between the implant and the crown. Approximately 99% of the implants successfully take root without causing any complications.
How is dental implantation
Dental implantation is necessary to undergo a general examination by a therapist, as for some diseases the operation to install implants is contraindicated. If necessary, computed tomography is done. Also, the doctor should prescribe a number of tests:
- General blood analysis;
- Prothrombin time;
- Inr, prothrombin;
- Bleeding time and blood coagulation time;
- Blood biochemistry;
- Blood glucose;
- Antibodies to hepatitis c virus antigens, hepatitis b virus surface antigen, anticardiolipin test for syphilis; antibodies to hiv;
- General urine analysis.
So, if you have a query: “how to choose the best dental implants near me” in your mind then first you need to know about all indication for dental implantation, mentioned below:
Indications for implantation
Lack of last teeth in a row. Therefore, the best way would be the installation of implants. The absence of one or more teeth. Implantation allows them to be kept healthy and healthy, which will extend their service life. Therefore, implants are the best choice. Total lack of teeth. For their better fixation, mini implants were created. These dental structures were called conditionally removable dentures.
2 Major Techniques of Dental Implantation:
Well, there are two recognized techniques of dental implantation that are mentioned below:
- Classical dental implantation
- One-stage dental implantation
Classical dental implantation
This is the most popular operation among patients. It occurs in two stages. At the surgical stage, an implant is inserted into the bone, which must be fused with the bone within one to six months before the installation of the crown. A hole is made in the bone tissue with the help of special drills and a physiodispenser. The implant is inserted into the obtained hole, and the mucous membrane of the gum is sutured.
During the procedure, the surgeon ensures that the bone does not heat up too much, as this can cause an inflammatory process and lead to rejection of the installed prosthesis. To prevent overheating, during drilling, bone tissue is cooled with saline. In patients who have lost their teeth for a long time, bone tissue may not be sufficient for implantation in width and height. In this case, the surgeon with the help of artificial or natural bone mass builds up the alveolar process.
Such a procedure can last more than one month. At the second stage of classical implantation, prosthetics take place. For this, first of all, a special design is screwed into the newly cut gum, to give it the desired contour. After about two to three weeks, an abutment is placed on the implant. After that, the prosthetics’ prepares the crown and fixes it with cement or screw screwing.
One-stage dental implantation
It is deeper than the cancellous bone, therefore it has a high density and is practically not susceptible to atrophy. An operation is performed under local anesthesia, and is carried out immediately after tooth extraction. In the bone tissue, the tooth canal expands and a dental prosthesis is installed. On the same day, a temporary crown is placed on the head protruding beyond the gingival margin. This method allows you to immediately restore the functional load of the teeth.