Frequent sufferers of a migraine and headache struggle a lot to manage their daily work along with these diseases. They don’t need to know the definition of these diseases. But like ice cream, headaches and migraines come in various ‘flavors’ and ‘taste’ different to everyone. The basic ingredients are the same but the symptoms and intensity are different. Today, we will talk about the different types of headaches and migraines people often experience in our country. Unless we know the basic types and symptoms, it’s impossible to cure them.
Types of a headache
1. A Tension Headache: In a tension headache, you feel a dull and painful sensation all over your head. It isn’t that you’ll experience a throbbing pain. It’s just that you’ll feel tenderness and sensitivity in your forehead, neck, scalp, and shoulder muscles. In most cases, a tension headache is caused by stress. You can get a relief from pain by taking aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen. Consult a doctor if these medicines don’t give you any relief.
2. A Cluster Headache: It occurs behind or around one eye or on one side of your face. Usually, it occurs in a series and stretches from 15 minutes to 3 hours. Most individuals get 1 to 4 headaches at the same time every day, during a cluster. After one headache goes away, another one follows. Oxygen therapy and local anesthetic can provide some relief.
- Burning sensation and piercing pain
- Nasal congestion
3. A Hormone Headache: Women often suffer from a hormone headache due to menstruation, pregnancy and contraceptive pills that affect estrogen level. This is also known as menstrual migraines. In most cases, women get a hormone headache during menses or ovulation. A modified diet, acupuncture, yoga, and other prescription drugs can help to avoid this hormone headache.
4. A Rebound Headache: This is also known as medication overuse headache. It’s a dull and extremely painful headache. Sometimes, the pain is as acute as a migraine. You can get this type of a headache when you use OTC pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin frequently or more than 15 days of a month. The best way to avoid this headache is to stay away from the medication that you take on a regular basis to reduce pain. Although the pain may increase at first, it should subside after a few days.
5. A Hypertension Headache: You can get a hypertension headache when your blood pressure is extremely high. It indicates an emergency and occurs on both sides of your head. The pain gets severe with any activity. Its key traits are chest pain, breathlessness, changes in vision, tingling sensation, nose bleeding, etc. Consult a general physician immediately when you’re experiencing a hypertension headache. Try to keep your blood pressure under control for avoiding it.
Types of a Migraine
1. A Hemiplegic Migraine: The phrase hemiplegic refers to the paralysis on a particular side of the body. Most symptoms of this type of a migraine affect the face, legs, and arms, such as:
- A loss of sensation
- Mild pain
- Blind spots
- Dual vision
This type of a migraine is extremely rare and makes one side of the body completely weak. Some people get scared by a hemiplegic migraine because it often appears like a stroke. Although the symptoms go away with time, yet it’s better to consult a doctor to ensure that the weakness has not been caused due to some other health issues.
2. A Vestibular Migraine: It’s tough to diagnose this kind of a migraine because vertigo may appear without a headache. Usually, this type of a migraine is frequently observed in people having a history of migraines in their childhood.
- Body balance issues
3. A Migraine without Aura: The typical symptoms of a migraine without aura are an acute headache, sensitivity to sounds and light, vomiting and nausea. It usually stretches from 4 hours to 72 hours. An aura can stretch from 10 to 30 minutes before or during a migraine.
4. A Migraine with Aura: The typical symptoms of migraines with aura are blurred vision, problems in talking, a tingling sensation, numbness on any particular side of the body, and seeing haphazard images.
5. An Ophthalmoplegic Migraine: This type of a migraine is most frequently seen amongst young people. It’s a rare type of a migraine where you experience a severe headache along with the weakness in muscles controlling your eye movement.
- Drooping eyelids
- A problem in eye movement
- Dilated pupil
- A severe headache
Episodic headaches should go away after 48 hours. But if they last for more than 2 days, then it’s better to consult a general physician in your local area.